The History of Enfield in London

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Enfield History

Historic Enfield

Enfield History Information
Image Credit enfieldsociety.org.uk

In terms of historic landmarks in Enfield, there is the striking Art Deco factory on Southbury Road; St Andrew’s Church, which was built in the 14th C and it was on Silver Street that Joseph Whitaker published his book ‘Almanack’. The Royal Small Arms Factory is situated in Enfield Lock and was built in 1816, the factory shut down in 1988 and it was then converted into flats.

Enfield is home to grand houses, such as Forty Hall Estate, which is home to very fine houses, gardens, parks and cafes and lakes, was built in 1629. Henry VIII’s Elsyng Palace was situated here, where he used to hunt. The Trent Country Park is the only remaining area of the Royal Hunting Estate. ‘The King and Tinker Pub’ is one of the oldest pubs in England, and is thought to have been a public house for over 1,000 years. The Whitewebbs Park is home to ancient woodland and the Capel Manor is a 30-acre estate from the late 1200’s.

 

History of Enfield

Recorded as ‘Enefelde’ in the Domesday Book in 1086, originally a small countryside town it was part of the county of Middlesex, Enfield expanded alongside London and became a thriving residential hub as transport links improved. As far back as Roman times Enfield was on the Roman Road that travelled all the way back to York, Roman artifacts have been found where there were Roman settlements in Edmonton and Bush Hill Park.

In the Middle Ages it was known for it’s hunting, initially those from the city came here to hunt before settling here. In 1303 it was granted charter for a market, which is still held here. With regard to industry, military goods were manufactured in Enfield; the rifle that was produced here was the standard issue for the British Army.

A number of ‘firsts’ took place In Enfield, it was the first place in the world to have a cash machine, which was installed in June 1967, it was also the place that the first dishwasher was mass produced in Enfield’s Hotpoint’s plant. Enfield was also home to the last manual telephone exchange.

Modern Day Enfield

Now home to a young population Enfield is a town where the city meets the countryside, once the winner of Time out’s Best Village in London, it is perfect for those who want to enjoy a touch of rural life. Enfield today has great connections to the city, whilst enjoying countryside, parks, forests and boasting a village vibe.