The History of Croydon in London

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AREA : Croydon

Croydon History

Historic Croydon

Croydon Historic Information
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Croydon has been a market town since the 13th C, but expanded as charcoal, leather tanning and brewing industries took off here in the middle ages. The worlds first railway for the public opened here in 1803, running between Croydon and Wandsworth, at the latter part of the 19th C a railway building also opened.

Croydon grew and grew as it became seen as a commuter town, by the 20th C Croydon had cemented itself as a very important Industrial town, cars were manufactured here and it was known for its metal works and its airport. By the mid 20th C the industries died out and in its place there was large-scale development in the retail market and service industries, with many office blocks built.



History of Croydon

Croydon became the ‘Borough of Croydon’ in 1965, the name Croydon goes as far back as Saxon times and is thought to mean ‘valley of crocuses’. Croydon was home to the city’s first airport, now a Grade II listed building and not in use.

Originally part of Surrey, Croydon was recorded in the Domesday Book 1086, as having roughly 250 inhabitants. It was popular in Victorian times with the middle classes; sadly Croydon was devastated during World War II and many buildings were destroyed.

Modern Day Croydon

Croydon is undergoing significant development, by 2020 it aims to be the ‘third city’ of London, with £3.5 billion of investment currently flooding into the area, there is a new shopping centre to rival Westfield in Stratford.

The area next to East Croydon’s train station has also been earmarked for development, with the creation of shops, offices and in excess of 600 new homes. Croydon is home to the BRIT Performing Arts School, whose famous attendees have included Amy Winehouse, Jesse J and Adele.